Organic Agriculture Research Institute
- Organic Agriculture Research Institute
- GYONGSANGBUK-DO AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH & EXTENSION SERVICES
The Organic Agriculture Research Institute was founded in 1992 as the Uiseong Experimental Peony Farm to specialize in peony research. Later, in accordance with increased technology demand for local medicinal crops, the name was changed in 1998 to Uiseong Medicinal Herb Experiment Station. In 2002, the name was changed again to Institute for Natural Product Research with the aim of developing new functional substances from wild and medicinal plants with high added value. In 2013, the name was changed yet again to Organic Agriculture Research Institute and research was conducted on resource-circulatory ecological organic farming for the production of food that is safe to eat. The Institute stands on a 5.5-hectare lot and includes an experimental field (47,925 ㎡), three greenhouses (1,000 ㎡), a research office on the cultivation of organic crops, a research office on the protection of organic crops, an insect cultivation room, and an administrative office. There are currently nine research personnel including the director, whose primary responsibilities include: research on organic farming techniques that protect the soil for the purpose of attaining sustainable ecological organic farming, selection of eco-friendly organic materials, research on practical application of ecological organic farming, and research on onsite technologies used for cultivating locally specialized produce. Research conducted by the institute centers on the following areas: analysis and commercialization of local organic farm systems, organic farming techniques that protect the soil, surveys on the use and effectiveness of organic disease/insect pest control, improvement of the cultivation system for useful microorganisms, development of ecological and organic cultivation technologies for leafy vegetables, and development and use of eco-friendly nano coating materials. Thus far, eight plant varieties have been developed: Yeonjeong (Uiseong forsythia), Sagok peony, Geopung peony, Migang peony, Daecheong peony, Daho peony, Cheongsu safflower and Uisan safflower. Research on the development and commercialization of organic new materials has resulted in 2,720 extracts from 900 plant varieties. Of these, eight patent applications have been filed for 10 species of gnetin (effective in skin whitening, anti-oxidation, and fighting diabetes), four species of agrimophol (effective in suppressing anthracnose and other infectious diseases), and eight species of common agrimony (effective in repelling vermin like beet armyworm).
Further details on this research includes: tobacco powder controller that uses Isaria fumosorosea for the development of ecological organic cultivation technologies, selection and development of medicines based on the predatory mold Arthrobotrys to control root-knot nematodes, pest repellent for organic cabbage cultivation fields that uses nothosmyrnium root, and weed control on organic cultivation pepper fields through catch cropping of sweet potatoes. Through the development of technologies that address difficulties in cultivating local specialized produce, research is being conducted on the production of healthy seedlings of peonies, forsythia fruit, foxglove and garlic. A manpower-saving control system for the prevention of peony spotting disease and an enriched cultivation technique for peonies have also been developed. This research has resulted in 80 presented papers, two policy suggestions and presentations of 63 practical applications. The institute is also a designated managerial institution for national genetic resources and possesses 1,551 items of genetic resources. Forty-seven pesticides have also been registered for five crop types as pesticides for small-scale cultivation of medicinal plants.
344, Uiseongsagok-ro, Uiseong-eup, Uiseong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do / Phone : +82-54-832-9669 / Fax : +82-54-833-1359